Wisdom Tooth Extraction Procedure and Post-Operative Care

Wisdom Tooth Extraction Procedure and Post-Operative Care

Jun 01, 2020

Wisdom teeth are the last teeth at the back of the mouth, both in the top and bottom jaw. They are also referred to as the 3rd molars. It develops in the late teenage years and early 20s.

Wisdom tooth extraction is the surgical removal of wisdom teeth by dentist near you in Frisco, TX. Many people develop impacted wisdom teeth due to lack of enough room to grow due to obstruction by the other teeth; hence it erupts partially or not at all. At Promont Dental Design, we offer a wide range of services on wisdom tooth extraction in Frisco, book an appointment with us.

Types of Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Medial sagittal impaction- The teeth grow facing the front of the jaw
Upright impaction- Your tooth grows downwards but is obstructed by the adjacent tooth.
Parallel impaction- Here, the teeth grow horizontally and push the adjacent teeth since there is no space to grow.
Proximal impaction- the tooth faces a different direction from the one next to it as it grows.
Indications of Wisdom Tooth Extraction

  • Damage to the nearby teeth
  • Formation of fluid-filled sacs around the teeth
  • Recurring infections of the tissue surrounding the teeth
  • Pain in the tooth
  • Gum disease
  • Tooth decay
  • Trapping food and bacteria behind the tooth

However, they can also be removed even if they are well positioned and fully erupted to prevent future problems, e.g., damage to nearby nerves and sinuses. The decision to extract is usually arrived at after the dentist has done a thorough dental examination and x-rays. Wisdom tooth extraction in Frisco, TX is done by well-trained dentists to ensure everyone’s dental needs are met.

Preoperative Care of Wisdom Tooth Extraction

You should maintain a high level of oral hygiene to reduce the concentration of microorganisms that would increase the chances of infection after surgery.

The Procedure

It is mostly a same-day procedure. For less impacted teeth, the dental practitioner will perform the procedure using local anesthesia. For deeply impacted teeth, the dentist will choose the type of anesthesia to use, depending on how complicated the process is likely to be. This will either be sedation or general anesthesia.

An incision is made on the gum tissue surrounding the teeth to expose the tooth and bone. Any bone that may be blocking access to the tooth root is removed to ensure the whole part of the tooth is removed. If the tooth is above the gum, an incision is not necessary.

The tooth can be removed in divided pieces or as a whole based on the one that’s easier. After removal, the site is cleaned to preventing any debris from the tooth from causing infections
The wound is stitched to seal the gum, promote healing, and prevent too much bleeding. Gauzes are placed over the site to control bleeding and promote clot formation.

Post-operative care of wisdom tooth extraction

The surgical pad put during the procedure should be removed after 30 minutes and replaced with another in case of any more bleeding. Apply ice on the cheeks to relieve pain and prevent swelling.

Refrain from excessive spitting and use of a straw to keep the blood clot within the socket. Do not smoke or engage in alcohol intake for at least 1 week. This hinders blood supply to the incision site delaying the healing process.

You should avoid touching the incision site to prevent the introduction of microorganisms which may cause infections

Administer analgesics, e.g., paracetamol as prescribed to relieve pain, which should lessen as days go by. Sore throat and pain can also occur while swallowing, it is temporary and will get better with time.

Take a lot of fluids after surgery avoiding alcohol and hot drinks. You should take a balanced diet beginning with soft foods, then semisolid ones as you make progress.

Perform oral hygiene using salt water rinses 5-6 times a day. Do not brush your teeth during the healing period as it can cause irritation to the incision site and trigger bleeding.

Avoid strenuous activities that cause increased pressure to minimize bleeding. In case of severe bleeding, visit any wisdom tooth extraction clinic near you for further check-ups.

Possible Complications

  • Infections
  • Nerve and sinus damage
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Alveolar osteitis which refers to a painful dry socket